What Are the 13 Basic Kathak Mudras for Beginners in Online Dance Classes?
Hand mudras or hasta mudras are an essential part of a classical dance form such as Bharatanatyam, Odissi, Kathak etc. If you share the same passion and love for dance, you can enroll in online dance classes and learn about hand gestures from expert artists. Several mudras come with different meanings and depend on the setting of the story. It makes it easier for the audience to decode them. Mudras communicate a lot and make the dance form look graceful and elegant. In this blog, you will learn about some of the essential mudras of Kathak.
In Pataka mudra, all your hand fingers should be straight and close to each other.
● You need to bend your thumb in such a way that it reaches the end of your index finger.
● Every nritta hastas use this popular mudra, which is why it is one of the most common hand gestures applied in Kathak dance form.
Pataka mudra signifies a lot of things, such as:
● To signify slap
● Attainment of happiness
● Portray scorching heat
● Show torrential rain
● Arrogantly refer to one’s self
● The shallow pool of water
● Present of flowers
● Speedy movement of ocean waves and wind-breaking against the seashore
● Uprooting or holding up a hill
● Of representing woman and man
● In your Kathak classes, you will learn about Tripataka. To denote this expression, you need to start with Pataka.
● After that, bend your ring finger and keep all the other fingers straight and firm.
Tripataka can be used to show the following things:
● Draw a line
● Represent monarch
● Show a tilak or a bindi
● Placing on a crown
● Showing of Jyoti or a lamp
● In Ardhapataka, start with Tripataka first.
● The only difference between Ardhapataka and Tripataka is that you need to bend your little finger along with your ring finger.
Ardhapataka is used to denote the following meanings:
● Bank of the river
● A knife
● An animal horn
● In this mudra, you need to bend your ring and little fingers.
● Press these fingers against your thumb while stretching the middle and index fingers to denote a scissor.
You can use Kartarimukha in Kathak to denote the following things:
● Show two different things
● Separation of a couple
● In Ardhachandra, you need to hold your thumb and finger apart.
● Place the rest of your fingers together and straight.
● It is pretty similar to the first one, Pataka. All you need to remember is to separate your thumb from the rest of them.
Ardhachandra is used to denote the following things:
● Crescent moon
● Blocking of a path
In Arala, you need to curve your forefinger precisely like a bow.
● In Mushti, you need to clench all your fingers at first.
● Wrap your thumb around them and form a fist.
A mushti represents a lot of things such as:
● White milking of cows
● To represent beating
● Grasping weapons
● In Shikhara, bend all your fingers at first except your thumb.
● Presse those fingers against your palm
● Raise your thumb and hold it straight and upright
Shikhara represents the following things such as:
● A bow
● Toe around the waist
● Delineation of lips
● In Kapittha, you need to start with Shikhara first.
● After that, bend your pointer finger and keep it over your thumb.
kapittha represents the following things such as:
● A bird
● Katamukha is another mudra that you will learn in your Kathak classes. You need to bring your middle, index and thumb together.
● After that, raise your little finger and the ring finger at a specific angle.
Katakamukha represents the following things such as:
● Drawing reins
● Holding a fan
● Holding a mirror
● Drawing a pattern
● Wearing a garland
● Arranging a pearl necklace
● Gathering ends of a cloth
● Plucking flowers
● Drawing of an arrow
● Showing a rope
● Holding a stick or a long whip
● Representing a woman
● In Suchimuka, you need to press your ring finger, middle finger and little finger against your thumb.
● Always keep the forefinger straight
Suchimukha represents the following meanings such as:
● To show lighting
● To represent the discus
● To portray discus
● To show number one
● To indicate no or to speak
● Hair, anger, decoration, perspiration
● Shiva’s third eye
● In Padmakosha, stretch all your fingers in the upward direction.
● Bring them closer to one another and place them in such a way that shows that you are holding a glass or a cup
Padmakosha is used to represent the following things such as:
● Breasts of a woman
● Buds and flowers
● Depict bloomed water lily or lotus
● Offering puja to a deity
● In Sarpashirah, you will have to raise your fingers and place your palm in the front direction.
● Bend your fingers slightly and form the head of a snake.
Sarpashirah can be shown to denote the following meanings such as:
● Movements of serpents
● Offering of water
● The motion of the frontal globes of an elephant
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