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Relationship Between Ragas, Melakartha, and Thaat In Indian Classical Music

13th Jul, 2022

It would not be wrong to say that Indian classical music is probably one of the most beautiful forms of music. Although it might appear to be difficult for some people, it can be said with conviction that with a little bit of practice and the right professional guidance, you will be able to achieve a lot in this field.

There are a lot of domains when it comes to classical music, and we have tried to talk about three of these and the relationship that is shared. Learning Indian classical music is not difficult; it is just that you have to get an idea about the basics and then eventually build upon them so that it gets easier for you to go to the more advanced sections.


When you start with the domain of classical music, the first thing that will be taught to you, irrespective of which class you join, is the Indian classical ragas. Most professional teachers will even tell you that there are the basics that you have to master first before you can move forward and learn more complicated genres. The Melakartha and Thaat are equally crucial, and we are going to talk about that as well.

Indian Ragas and Its Composition

If you go by the literal meaning, then you will see that the meaning of the term "Raga" refers to the color. Now some people might think about what is the relationship between color and music; however, the contextual meaning is that Raga is something that colors your mind and the connotation in which you are singing. There is a particular raga for each color of your mood.

It is very important to understand that the entire composition is made out of 7 important Swaras, and that stands true for even Carnatic classical music as well. These are the very popular - Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Da, Ni, and Sa. Now, if you want to go by the combination, these 7 notes can build up to 72 options. However, out of these, segregation exists here as well. Thirty-six ragas have the M1, and 36 others have the M2.

Melakartha Raga

In the broadest and simplest science, we can say that these 72 combinations are what we refer to as the "Melakartha Ragas." Now that we have a brief understanding of what one means by Melakartha, we must shift our attention a little bit to Hindustani classical music, where there is a slight variation.

In Hindustani music, you will notice that each of the seven swaras has two variations (excluding the S and P). If you rely on basic calculation, you will eventually see that out of these, only 32 combinations can be made. Consequently, 10 of these are very commonly referred to as "thaats" in Hindustani classical music. Thaats is a very important sector of this genre of music.

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Now, if you want to investigate the relationship between these three components, that is- ragas, Melakarthas, a very simple relationship can be drawn between them. You will see that most of the Ragas derive their origin from the parent Melakartha of even the Thaat. Hence we can say that these three components have somewhat of an interdependent relationship.

When you start to learn any form of music, these will be the first thing that will be taught to you because they are the basics you will have to practice. However, we would suggest that you depend on someone who is professional in this case and will be able to guide you throughout.

How and Where Should you be Learning Indian Classical Music and What are the Three Important Components?

Now, this brings us to the most important question of the hour, whom can you depend on to learn the best lessons in this genre. The answer is quite simple, and we are going to talk about one such option today, which has been able to render a lot of benefits. This is none other than Kafqa Academy. We have been the best in the field, and that too for the right reasons!

Learning Indian classical music is not easy, and you will need a lot of hard work and dedication to master and then move forward. If you are serious and want to start with your Indian classical music classes, then we have to say that it does not get better than Kafqa Academy. We have been in this domain for quite a few years now and have taught children with utmost precision.

Not only that, but if you want to ensure that you get professional assistance and the right exposure, it does not get better than our academy. They are known for the classes they conduct, and hence you can get in touch with them today!


Ragas, Thaats and Melakartha constitute the base of any form of classical music, and the right knowledge is important before you can go forward and aspire for more in the field.

If you want to learn Indian classical music, you must join Kafqa Academy. We have professional music teachers who possess years of experience in training students to adopt Indian classical music. We understand that dedication and willingness to learn music are very important. And our music instructors encourage you throughout your session with us and help you acquire the skills of Carnatic Sangeet.

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